These days ANDROID has become a close friend to all. Everyone are very crazy about it. Wherever you see from the youngest to the oldest everyone are using Android and Impressed with its smart features. Here is the quick article regarding Android and its history along with different version names from the beginning to the Present.
What is Android ?
It is a mobile operating system (OS) based on the Linux kernel and currently developed by Google. With a user interface based on direct manipulation, it is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers, with specialized user interfaces for televisions (Andro TV), cars (Andro Auto), and wrist watches (Andro Wear). The OS uses touch inputs that loosely correspond to real-world actions, like swiping, tapping, pinching, and reverse pinching to manipulate on-screen objects, and a virtual keyboard. Despite being primarily designed for touchscreen input, it also has been used in game consoles, digital cameras, regular PCs (e.g. the HP Slate 21) and other electronics.
Android, Inc. was found in Palo Alto, California in October 2003 by Andy Rubinalong with other co-founders.
Google acquired Android Inc. on August 17, 2005; key employees of Android Inc., including Rubin, Miner, and White, stayed at the company after the acquisition. Not much was known about Android Inc. at that time, but many assumed that Google was planning to enter the mobile phone market with this move. At Google, the team led by Rubin developed a mobile device platform powered by the Linux kernel. Google marketed the platform to handset makers and carriers on the promise of providing a flexible, upgradable system. Google had lined up a series of hardware components and software partners and signalled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part.
It is popular with technology companies which require a ready-made, low-cost and customizable operating system for high-tech devices. It’s open nature has encouraged a large community of developers and enthusiasts to use the open-source code as a foundation for community-driven projects, which add new features for advanced users or bring it to devices which were officially released running other operating systems. The operating system’s success has made it a target for patent litigation as part of the so-called “smartphone wars” between technology companies
And today A variety of gadgets are taking birth due to this amazing OS.
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Android Version Names:
The first commercial version, Android 1.0, was released in September 2008.
Since April 2009, Android versions have been developed under a confectionery-themed code name and released in alphabetical order, beginning with Android 1.5 “Cupcake”. And have thus far all been dessert items (or sweet/sugary foods).
Since they make our lives sweet and smart these version names are named with sweet items…
Some code names are associated with more than one version number, while others are limited to only a specific one, and the reason for this inconsistency is not currently known. The naming typically appears to correspond to changes in the developer API (Application Programming Interface) levels, but this is not always true (example: 3.0 and 3.1 are both “Honeycomb” but they have different API levels).
Note that versions 1.0 and 1.1 were not publicly named.
However, the version 1.0 was treated as Alpha version and the version 1.1 as beta (Internally referred to as “Petit-Four”.)
Here is the list of version names from Initial to the latest.